The groundhog is designated a nuisance species in Virginia 4VAC15-20-160.
Virginia law allows the taking of all nuisance species at any
time. While groundhogs are classified as a nuisance in Virginia
a landowner should use lethal alternatives only after all non-lethal
controls have been exhausted.
In Virginia it is illegal to
- transport or release a groundhog anywhere other than the
property it was caught on. 4VAC15-30-50
- poison any animal (including groundhog) other than rats and
mice on your property. 4VAC15-40-50
- set a trap where it would be likely to injure persons, dogs,
stock or fowl. §29.1-521.
- not visit all traps once each day and remove all animals